This division contains different daffodil species in their wild (or reputedly wild) forms and hybrid daffodils derived therefrom (which are distinguished solely by their Latin botanical name).
With a few exceptions, most of these daffodils don't look like much. They are usually fairly short, and normally come only in basic yellow. They are primarily of interest to gardeners who cultivate heritage gardens.
However, some of these daffodils have fragrances that are practically intoxicating. Look for the ones that I've marked with two asterisks. Also, since they are wild (or close to wild), they are excellent for naturalizing (i.e. they will come back year after year, and slowly multiply). In fact, many will even naturalize by reseeding.
However, you should know that many of these Species Daffodil bulbs are no larger than the tip of your little finger; plant these only 2 to 3" (5 - 8 cm) deep. On the other hand, since these bulbs are all grown by commercial breeders, some nurseries produce quite normal-sized bulbs, which should be planted 4 to 6" (10 - 15 cm) deep.
These bulbs can be very difficult to find. I suggest that you start your search with some on-line catalogues like McClure & Zimmerman, Fraser's Thimble Farms, or Paul Christian Rare Plants .
As I stated, most of these Species Daffodils do have a wonderful fragrance; I have indicated which ones by putting an asterisk (*) after the name of the species. Those which are particularly fragrant have two asterisks.
|Latin name||Common name||Colour||Flowering time||Height||Hardiness zones||Shape/form||Notes|
|Narcissus bulbocodium var. conspicuus||Yellow Hoop Petticoat||golden yellow||mid spring||4 - 6" (10 - 15 cm)||4 - 9||the cup is shaped like a funnel, or an old-fashioned hoop petticoat; the petals are tiny, twisted and almost non-existent; the leaves look like grass||good for containers, under trees and shrubs, and the fronts of borders; it is easily grown, and increases rapidly once established; native to Spain and Portugal|
|Narcissus jonquilla**||Jonquil**||deep yellow||late spring||5 - 8" (12 - 20 cm)||5 - 9||has 2 to 3, or more, flowers per stem||will naturalize in zones 9 and 10; native to Portugal and Spain|
|Narcissus obvallaris||The Tenby Daffodil||rich yellow||very early spring||8 - 10" (20 - 25 cm)||3 - 9, but requires thick fall mulching in zones 3 & 4||small, up-facing trumpet-form daffodil||excellent for indoor forcing; naturalizes well|
|Narcissus odorus plenus**||Queen Anne's double jonquil**||yellow||early spring||10 - 12" (25 - 30 cm)||4 - 9||double daffodil, sometimes resembles a yellow rose||very fragrant and a reliable perennializer|
|Narcissus poeticus var. recurvus*||Pheasant's Eye*||white petals, with yellow and red cup||very late spring||10 - 16" (25 - 40 cm)||3 - 7||petals are reflexed (bent back); small disc-shaped cup is rimmed with red, and eyed with gold and green||excellent for naturalizing; has a pleasantly spicy fragrance; one of the very last daffodils to bloom|
|Narcissus x odorus (campernelli)**||Single Campernelle**||golden yellow||early spring||10 - 12" (25 - 30 cm)||suitable for zones 4 - 9, but prefers zones 5 - 9||blossoms with twisted, rounded petals and a flared, scalloped cup; 2 - 3 flowers per stem||very fragrant; terrific perennializer; will often naturalize in southern gardens|
|The Tenby Daffodil||Queen Anne's double jonquil||Single Campernelle|
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Last modified: October 12, 2008